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10 Tips for Composting in the City

Let It Breathe

In order to do their work, microorganisms need to breathe. Turning your compost often will ensure the proper aeration. If your pile is large, turn it a section at a time. Stirring it up not only gives your compost a shot of fresh air, but also distributes excess water and speeds up the decomposition process by promoting contact between the greens and browns. Compacted piles also have a tendency to smell. A few turns can reduce the odors.

You'll want to mix and fluff the compost. With a long-handled rake, pitchfork or even a long stick, move the inside of the pile outward and the outer areas to the inside. It's best to do this every two to four weeks [source: The City of New York].