Cabbage is a cool-weather crop that can tolerate frost but not heat. If the plants are cold for too long, or if the weather is too warm, the plants will bolt (go to seed without forming a head). If the head has already formed, it will split in hot weather. Splitting happens when the plant takes up water so fast the excess cannot escape through the tightly overlapped leaves, and the head bursts.
Cabbage is a great choice for home vegetable gardens.
Cabbages mature in 60 to l05 days from transplants. To harvest, cut off the head, leaving the outer leaves on the stem.
Types of Cabbage
There are hundreds of varieties of cabbage, with green cabbage being the most familiar. Below are four of the most common varieties of cabbage.
- Earliana, harvest at 60 days from transplants, is a small, compact early variety.
- Early Jersey Wakefield, harvest at 63 days, produces heads that are full-sized, pointed, and with a sweet flavor.
- Ruby Ball, harvest at 68 days, produces purple heads that are four to six pounds; it is an All America Selection.
- Cairo, harvest at 85 days, is an excellent red that is disease resistant.
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