Endive, Cichorium endivia (Crispium group), is a half-hardy biennial that is grown as an annual. It has a large rosette of toothed, curled, or wavy leaves that are used in salads as a substitute for lettuce. Escarole, Cichorium endivia (Latifolium Group), has broader leaves.
Common Name: Endive
Scientific Name: Cichorium endivia
Hardiness: Hardy (may survive first frost)
In the next section, we'll show you how to grow endive.