Household pets have distinct lifestyle advantages over those that roam the great outdoors; their environment is defined by the home in which they live, and you have the option to make it as green as possible. Some aspects of your pet's environment will affect it more than others, including:
- Painting: Consider low-volatile organic compounds (VOC) paints as opposed to standard materials that emit harmful fumes -- sometimes for years after installation. In some cases, VOCs can cause nausea, headaches or tremors; they also can irritate a pet's airways. "These scents can go undetected by us, but our pets have a much greater sense of smell," Canning says.
- Flooring: Carpet can be a magnet for dust and allergens, which can begin to irritate your pet over time. "Sustainable materials, such as wood or concrete, are great for pets," says Canning. Remember, your pets walk around barefoot indoors, so be sure your floors are treated with pet-friendly sealants that are non-toxic, plant-based and VOC-free.
- Cleaning supplies: Many store-bought household cleaning supplies contain chemicals that can affect your pet: Your pet will pick up the chemicals on its fur and paw pads (and ingest the chemicals when it licks itself) or absorb the chemicals through its skin. "Reducing or eliminating the number of harmful household cleaners makes for a healthier environment. The last thing you want is for a curious pet to ingest something that could be harmful to them," says Andrew Schrage, owner and editor-in-chief of Money Crashers Personal Finance, which provides information about green solutions for pet owners.
- Pet toys: When buying toys for your pets, look for those that are made out of recycled, nontoxic materials, and those that are able to be recycled themselves.
- Pet gear: In addition, consider green pet gear, such as leashes and collars made out of natural fibers like hemp. In the case of pets that require bedding or litter, choose ones made of all-natural plant fiber. "It is biodegradable and compostable, which means that it doesn't have to end up in a landfill," says Schrage. "This type of litter is safer for your cat, and some brands can even be used for gardening or planting purposes when your cat is finished with them." The most eco-friendly bedding for small pets, like hamsters and guinea pigs, is made of recycled paper. Pine and cedar bedding may have started out natural, but by the time it reaches your pets, it will also contain harmful chemicals.
Keep in mind that many pets thrive on routine, and any change in their environment (even if it's for their own good) may result in worrisome behavior. Alleviate pets' stress -- and your own -- by introducing new foods and objects slowly. This won't work for home improvement projects, but you can mix new food, litter or bedding in with the old at increasing percentages to allow your pet to grow accustomed to it. And as with any new toy or accessory, you can leave green gear out for your pets to inspect and become familiar with at their own pace.