This helpful chart will allow you to troubleshoot the various problems you may encounter with the existing surface. You'll see how they developed, and learn the best approach to fixing them and restoring a smooth, clean surface ready for painting.
|Peeling||Paint curls due to wet wood, interior moisture vapor, dirty, glossy surface.||Scrape, sand, prime, repaint. Install siding/soffit vents outside, exhaust fans inside.|
|Wrinkling||New paint sags and droops. Paint applied too thickly.||Scrape, sand, prime, and repaint. Stir new paint and brush out thoroughly.|
|Alligatoring||Paint dries into islands. Either due to incompatible paints or painting too soon over still-wet coat.||Scrape, sand, prime, and repaint with a compatible coating.|
|Blistering||Surface blisters caused by underlying moisture or solvent from paint applied on hot day.||Sand smooth, repaint. Install vents. Paint on mild days.|
|Chalking||Powdery residue stains on sidewalks, foundations. Inferior paint or porous undercoat to blame.||Wash down surface, let dry, repaint with nonchalking coating.|
|Mildew||Discoloration of exterior surface due to growth of fungus, usually black/green stains.||Scrub off with chlorine bleach or fungicide, let dry, repaint with mildew-resistant formula. Trim tree branches, shrubs.|
|Running sags||Wavy paint surface. Paint applied too heavily.||Sand smooth, repaint. Brush out paint to a consistent thickness.|
|Paint won't dry||Inferior paint.||Patience or removing and repainting. Test paints on small areas before painting entire house.|
|Efflorescence||Whitish deposits on masonry caused by moisture-induced oxidation.||Scrub off deposits with 10:1 water-muriatic acid solution, followed by 2:1 water-ammonia, water rinse, dry, repaint with appropriate masonry paint. Check downspouts, eliminate damp conditions.|
|Rust-stained siding/shingles||Rusting nail heads, gutters sealed insufficiently.||Seal rusting nail heads with rust-resistant sealer and paint entire surface.|
|Rusted metal||Deteriorated paint combined with moisture.||Scrape, sand, recoat with metal primer, metal paint.|
|Bleeding knots||Knot resin dissolved by paint solvent from improperly sealed, primed knots.||Scrape, sand to bare wood, coat with shellac, prime, repaint.|
Not what you're looking for? Try these helpful articles:
- House Painting: Ready to tackle a house painting project? Gather helpful tips on both interior and exterior painting in this home improvement article.
- House Painting Tools: Before taking on any painting project, make sure you have the tools you'll need to do the job well. This article will help.
- Painting Interiors: Learn the essentials of painting walls, doors, and everything inside the house on this page.
- Painting Exteriors: Learn the basics of painting siding, trim, and all things on the outside of the house in this article.