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Peanuts


Peanuts normally grow two nuts per pod, seen here dried and opened.
Peanuts normally grow two nuts per pod, seen here dried and opened.

Peanuts are an American favorite and a popular snack food. Peanuts are eaten as whole, salted nuts, are mashed into peanut butter, and are a common ingredient in many types of candy.

The peanut is a tender annual belonging to the pea family. It grows 6 inches to 2 feet tall, depending on type. The bunch type grows upright; the runner type spreads out over the ground. Small clusters of yellow, sweet pea-like flowers grow on stems called pegs. The pegs grow down and push into the soil, and the nuts develop 1 to 3 inches under ground from the pegs.

Peanuts are not grown commercially north of Washington, D.C., but they can be grown farther north for fun.

Common Name: Peanut

Scientific Name: Arachis hypogaca

Hardiness: Very Tender (will not survive first frost)

In the next section, you'll learn how to grow your own peanuts.

Want even more information about growing peanuts? Try these links: