Two species of the multitudinous chrysanthemum clan are especially popular with gardeners as flowering summer annuals. One bears small, perky, yellow blossoms and the other has white, daisylike flowers.
Description of chrysanthemum: C. paludosum grows about 10 inches in height and has a mounding, trailing habit that spreads to 15 inches. The single, small, white flowers are borne profusely all over the plant. C. multicaule is slightly more vigorous, growing to 12 inches with a 20-inch spread. Flowers are single yellow daisies and are visible from a distance. Both will bloom all summer, but if bloom diminishes, shear back by half to encourage new growth and flowering.
Growing chrysanthemum: Grow in rich, well-drained soil in full sun if roots can be kept cool and shaded by other plants; otherwise, in partial sun. An eastern exposure would be ideal for both. Incorporate a slow-release fertilizer in the soil before planting. Plant after the last frost date when the soil has warmed. Space 8 to 12 inches apart for solid coverage.
Propagating chrysanthemum: By seed or by cuttings. Germination is 14 to 21 days at 60 to 65 degrees Fahrenheit. Sow 6 to 8 weeks prior to transplanting to the garden. Plants will bloom approximately 10 weeks after sowing. Cuttings root quickly and easily.
Uses for chrysanthemum: Plant in rock gardens, on slopes, and in the front of beds or borders. Use at gates, along pathways, and at doorsteps where a colorful ground cover is desired. The trailing quality adds grace to hanging baskets, window boxes, and other containers. The white of C. paludosum is a good choice in mixed plantings, cooling down hot colors and intensifying dark ones.
Chrysanthemum related varieties: White Buttons is the most commonly grown selection of C. paludosum. Yellow Buttons is the most popular selection of C. multicaule.
Scientific name of chrysanthemum: Chrysanthemum paludosum, multicaule
Chrysanthemum can also be enjoyed as an indoor plant, although as such it is only temporary. Go to the next page to learn about chrysanthemum as a house plant.
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House Plant: Chrysanthemum
The chrysanthemum is a many-branched plant bearing large, single or double flowers on the end of each stem. The double flowers look like pompons; the single ones like daisies. The color range is vast, including every shade but blue.
Mums are best used as temporary home decorations, to be bought in flower and disposed of afterwards. They can, however, be planted outdoors in climates where winters aren’t severe where they will bloom again each fall. To prolong flowering, keep them well watered and at cool temperatures.
Chrysanthemum Quick Facts
Scientific Name: Chrysanthemum morifolium
Common Names: Chrysanthemum, Mum, Pompon, Marguerite
Light Requirement for Chrysanthemum: Bright Light to Filtered Light
Water Requirement for Chrysanthemum: Evenly Moist
Humidity for Chrysanthemum: High
Temperature for Chrysanthemum: Cool
Fertilizer for Chrysanthemum: High Phosphorus
Potting Mix for Chrysanthemum: All-Purpose
Propagation of Chrysanthemum: Division, Stem Cuttings
Decorative Use for Chrysanthemum: Table
Care Rating for Chrysanthemum: Temporary
Want to learn about house plants by type? Try these:
- House Plants
- Full Sun House Plants
- Bright Light House Plants
- Filtered Light House Plants
- Light Shade House Plants
- Hanging Basket House Plants
- Floor Plant House Plants
- Table Plant House Plants
- Terrarium Plant House Plants
- Very Easy House Plants
- Easy House Plants
- Demanding House Plants
- Temporary House Plants
- Flowering House Plants
- Climbing or Trailing House Plants
- House Plants with Colorful Foliage
- Fragrant House Plants
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