How can I tell if my backyard tree is diseased or dead?

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  • Berry, Frederick H. "Anthracnose Diseases of Eastern Hardwoods." U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. Forest Insect & Disease Leaflet 133. December 1985.
  • "Chestnut Blight caused by Endothia parasitica." Insects and Diseases of Trees in the South. 1989. USDA Forest Service - Forest Health Protection. R8-PR16, pp. 98.
  • Haugen, Linda. "How To Identify and Manage Dutch Elm Disease." United States Department of Agriculture, Forest Service. USDA Forest Service NA-PR-07-98.
  • Harrison, Marie. " Not every diseased tree can be saved." University of Florida. Thursday, July 17, 2003.
  • "How To Recognize Hazardous Defects In Trees." Minnesota Department of Natural Resources, and USDA Forest Service. 1996. USDA Forest Service NA-FR-01-96, pp.20.
  • Pickett, Marcus. "Identifying Tree Disease."
  • Schlarbaum, Scott E., Hebard, Frederick, Spaine, Pauline C., and Kamalay Joseph C. "Three American Tragedies: Chestnut Blight, Butternut Canker and Dutch Elm Disease. US Forest Service.
  • "Shade tree disease control program." City of Minnetonka, Wi.
  • Whittle, Amy. "How to Identify and Address Problems with Tree Pests: The Cottonwood Borer." February 28, 2007.
  • "Why Hire An Arborist." International Society of Arboriculture. July 2005.

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