Epidendrum are found from the Carolinas to Argentina. The name comes from the Greek, “eip; on” and “dendron; tree” and refers to the epiphytic habits of most species. The first epiphytic orchid to bloom in captivity was the Epidendrum cochleatum in 1787, in England.
Many of the flowers are fragrant. Epidendrum aromaticum has very fragrant flowers which appear from summer to fall. It prefers intermediate temperatures. Epidendrum cochleatum flowers from summer to fall. It prefers intermediate to warm temperatures. Some plants are almost everblooming. Epidendrum moyobambae and Epidendrum radiatum have fragrant flowers that bloom from spring to summer.
Epidendrum orchids prefer intermediate to warm temperatures, filtered to bright light, and high humidity. Plants without pseudobulbs prefer even moisture at all times. Those with pseudobulbs are kept evenly moist until flowering and are kept drier while resting.
Learn how to grow orchids: