10 Greenhouses Around the World


South Pole Food Growth Chamber

The South Pole Food Growth Chamber is located inside the new Amundsen-Scott South Pole Station, dedicated in January 2008 [source: The National Science Foundation and Sorenson]. While technically not a greenhouse because it doesn't use sun to heat or grow the plants, it's still an enclosed growing chamber [source: The Associated Press].

Delivered to the South Pole in 2004, the chamber uses artificial light, carbon dioxide and hydroponics, which uses nutrient-rich water instead of soil to grow plants [source: Barber]. The chamber is about 18 feet by 28 feet (approximately 6 meters by 9 meters) and grows everything from lettuce to hot peppers [sources: Barber and McGinley]. The chamber yields about 60 to 100 pounds (27 to 45 kilograms) of produce a week to feed the staffers in the station [source: Sorenson]. Along with food production, the chamber also provides green plant life and sunlight for staffers to enjoy during the long winters in the barren landscape of Antarctica [source: Sorenson].

Scientists hope that the science related to this greenhouse will translate to outer space environments such as Mars [source: Sorenson].

Whether used as a display garden or a food-producing plot, greenhouses create environments that allow plants to thrive in a range of countries worldwide.

Related HowStuffWorks Articles

Related HowStuffWorks Articles


  • Alexander, Doug. The Globe and Mail. "Back to the Garden." August 13, 2003. (August 12, 2009)http://www.theglobeandthemail.com/life/article411338.ece
  • Allears.net. "The Land, Epcot." (August 19, 2009)http://allears.net/tp/ep/e_land.htm
  • American Chemistry Council, Plastics Division. "FAQs: The Safety of Baby Bottles and Food Containers Made with Polycarbonate Plastic." (August 13, 2009)
  • http://www.plasticsinfo.org/s_plasticsinfor/sec_level2_faq.asp?CID=704&DID=2838#4The Arizona Republic. "UA's Antarctic veggie patch spurs moon greenhouse plan."January 5, 2007. (August 10, 2009)http://www.tucsoncitizen.com/altss/printstory/frontpage/37711
  • Asiarooms.com "Lalbagh Botanical Garden Bangalore." (August 17, 2009)http://www.asiarooms.com/travel-guide/India/Bangalore/parks-and-gardens-in-bangalore/lalbagh-botanical-gardens-bangalore.html
  • The Associated Press. "South Pole workers to grow fresh food during winter darkness." (August 10, 2009)http://www.usatoday.com/weather/resources/coldscience/2004-02-09-pole-greenhouse_x.htm
  • Barber, D.A. The University of Arizona: Report on Research. "Antarctic Veggies." Winter 2005. (August 19, 2009)http://www.vpr.arizona.edu/ror/winter05/veggies.html
  • BBC. "Crystal Palace." July 27, 2004. (August 17, 2009)http://www.bbc.co.uk/London/content/articles/2004/07/27/history_feature.shtml
  • The Belgian Monarchy. "Greenhouses in Laeken." (August 10, 2009)http://www.monarchie.be/en/visit/greenhouse/index.html
  • Buckland, Susan. The New Zealand Herald. "Britain: Paradise on earth--and under plastic." February 27, 2009. (August 14, 2009)http://www.nzherald.co.nz/travel/news/print.cfm?c_id=7dobjectid=10558624&pnum=0
  • Caine, Sabrina. Bonsai Clubs International. "Bamboo-Bambusa sp." (August 17, 2009)http://www.bonsai-bci.com/species/bamboo.html
  • Choo, Lynnette. Helsinki Times. "Bursts of colour into the city celebrate a summer ahead." July 9, 2009. (August 10, 2009)http://www.helsinkitimes.fi/htimes/travel/7049-city-gardens-in-full-bloom.html
  • City of Helsinki, Public Works Department. "The Winter Garden." (August 17, 2009)http://www.hel.fi/wps/portal/Rakennusvirasto_en/Viheralueet_en?WCM_GLOBAL_CONTEXT=/hkr/en/Green+areas/The+Winter+Garden
  • de Bruyn, Pippa and Niloufer Venkatraman and Dr. Keith Bain. Frommer's India. 2nd edition. Wiley Publishing Inc. 2006.
  • The Directorate of Horticulture. "Lalbagh Botanical Garden Bangalore." (August 13, 2009)http://horticulture.kar.nic.in/lalbagh.htm
  • Dutch Ministry of Foreign Affairs. "Farming: A Modern Business." (August 17, 2009)http://www.discoverthenetherlands.org/about_the/work/farming_a_modern?WrkSkIdt=
  • Eden Project. "Mediterranean Biome." (August 13, 2009)http://www.edenproject.com/visiting-eden/whats-here/mediterranean-biome/index.php
  • Eden Project. "Our History." (August 13, 2009)http://www.edenproject.com/organizational-information/our-history/index.php
  • Eden Project. "Rainforest Biome." (August 13, 2009)http://www.edenproject.com/visiting-eden/whats-here/rainforest-biome/index.php
  • England 2007. "The Southeast." Fodor's Travel Publications. 2007.
  • Info India Travel Guide. "Lalbagh." (August 17, 2009)http://www.infoindiatravel.com/cities/bangalore/Lalbagh/html
  • Kellett, Francisca and Lizzie Williams. Footprint: South Africa. 7th edition.
  • Mahr, Susan. University of Wisconsin--Madison. Wisconsin Master Gardener Program. "RHS Garden Wisley." (August 19, 2009)http://www.hort.wisc.edu/mastergardener/Features/botgardens/Wisley/Wisley.htm
  • McGinley, Susan. The University of Arizona. Information for News Media, College of Agriculture & Life Sciences. "Salad at the South Pole Will Offer Physical and Psychological Benefits." August 26, 2002. (August 19, 2009)http://ag.arizona.edu/media/archives/14.2.html
  • The National Science Foundation. "A Special Report: U.S. South Pole Station, New NSF Station." (August 19, 2009)http://www.nsf.gov/news/special_reports/livingsouthpole/station_new.jsp
  • The New York Botanical Garden. "About the Garden." (August 13, 2009)http://www.nybg.org/explore_and_learn/about_the_garden.php
  • The New York Botanical Garden. "State-of-the-art Nolen Greenhouses for Living Collections to Open May 14 at The New York Botanical Garden." March 23, 2005. (August 12, 2009)http://www.nybg.org/footer/press_releases_results.php?id_press_release=69
  • Royal Horticultural Society. "About Wisley." (August 14, 2009)http://www.rhs.org.uk/WhatsOn/Gardens//wisley/about.htm
  • Royal Horticultural Society. "The Glasshouse." (August 14, 2009)http://www.rhs.org/WhatsOn/Gardens/wisely/theglasshouse/
  • The Royal Netherlands Embassy. "Glasshouse Vegetable Growing in the Netherlands." (August 17, 2009)http://www.netherlands-embassy.org/files/pdf/greenhouse.pdf
  • San Diego Plastics, Inc. "Polycarbonate." (August 13, 2009)http://ww.sdplastics.com/polycarb.html
  • Santa Barbara Greenhouses. (August 10, 2009)http://www.sbgreenhouse.com/
  • Sorenson, Dan. Arizona Daily Star. "Greenhouses for the moon and Mars." January 7, 2007. (August 10, 2009)http://www.azstartnet.com/sn/printDS/163564
  • South Africa Tourism. "Kirstenbosch Botanical Garden." (August 19, 2009)http://www.southafrica.net/sat/content/en/us/full-article?oid=8860&sn=Detail&pid=1
  • South African National Biodiversity Institute. "Kirstenbosch National Botanical Garden." (August 19, 2009)http://www.sanbi.org/frames/kirstfram.htm
  • South African National Parks. "Table Mountain National Park: World Heritage Site Status." (August 10, 2009)http://www.sanparks.org/parks/table_mountain/conservation/heritage.php
  • U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service. "Statue of Liberty." (August 14, 2009)http://www.nps.gov/stli/historyculture/statue-statistics.htm
  • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Greenhouse Effect." October 23, 2006. (August 13, 2009)http://epa.gov/climatechange/kids/greenhouses.html
  • van Jaarsveld, Ernst. South African National Biodiversity Institute. "Botanical Society Conservatory at Kirstenbosch History and Design." (August 19, 2009)http://www.sanbi.org./frames/kirstfram.htm
  • VisitFlanders. "Royal Greenhouses Open to the Public." (August 18, 2009)http://www.visitflanders.us/index.php?page=RoyalGreenhouses
  • VisitHelzinki. "Helsinki City Winter Garden." (August 17, 2009)http://www.visithelsinki.fi/In_English/Visitor/See/Parks.iw3?showmodul=162&Matko_pid=73
  • Walt Disney World News. "The Land at Epcot Mixes Science with Entertainment inside Experimental Greenhouses to Grow One-of-a-Kind Plants." February 2, 2009. (August 12, 2009)http://www.wdwnews.com/viewpressrelease.aspx?pressreleaseid=100253&siteid=1
  • Walt Disney World Resort. "Behind the Seeds at Epcot." (August 12, 2009)http://disneyworld.disney.go.com/tours-and-experiences/behind-the-seeds/
  • Warren, Arete Swartz and May Woods. "Glass houses." Rizzoli International Publications. 1988.
  • The White House Historical Association. "White House History Timelines: Architecture." (August 12, 2009)http://www.whitehousehistory.org/whha_timelines/timelines_architecture-02.html


New Sharing Website Links Farmers, Saves Seeds

New Sharing Website Links Farmers, Saves Seeds

A new website is designed to bring farmers and heirloom seeds together. HowStuffWorks takes a look at why seed saving is more important than ever.