The courtyard garden, or tsubu niwa, is a garden contained or enclosed by a building such as a house or temple. These are relatively small, landscaped spaces that are separated from the world outside by the walls that surround them. Because these enclosures are small and situated within a building's compound, they're common in urban areas. Courtyard gardens can vary greatly in appearance, but they usually contain natural elements that work well within a confined space, such as rocks, moss and small trees or shrubs.
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- Morikami Museum and Japanese Gardens. (Jan. 10, 2012) http://www.morikami.org/
- Nakagawara, Camelia. "The Japanese Garden for the Mind: The 'Bliss' of Paradise Transcended." Stanford Journal of East Asian Affairs. May 21, 2004. (Jan.19, 2012) http://www.stanford.edu/group/sjeaa/journal42/japan2.pdf
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