The camellia is a landscape shrub that makes a striking and attention-grabbing accent plant. The scientific name of this plant is Camellia japonica. Camellias originate in the Far East, primarily in Japan and China. They have beautiful red, white or pink flowers that bloom for most of the year -- in winter, spring and fall. While most camellias only grow to be five or 10 feet tall (2.5 to 3.5 meters), mature shrubs may develop into small trees up to 20 feet (6.5 meters) in height.
Before you plant camellias, contact an experienced garden center or landscaper to find out everything you need to know. Ask what time of year is ideal for planting camellias and how often to water them. Make sure your climate and locale are appropriate for your camellia plants to flourish. They thrive particularly in wooded areas with acidic soil. An ideal camellia location is a partially shaded area with rich, moist, and well-drained soil. You will need to protect the plants from wind and sunscald in the winter.
Keep your camellia's roots moist and well-nourished with mulch. Prune the plant when it is done flowering or shape it as desired. To keep your camellia healthy, fertilize it and weed around its base regularly.