The method for cleaning microfiber varies depending on whether the microfiber is synthetic or natural, and whether or not it's woven. Each type of microfiber reacts differently to cleaning materials [source: Think-House Cleaning].
Microfiber fabric comes in four types, as indicated by a letter on the manufacturer's label:
- S This fabric can be cleaned with a water-free solvent.
- W This fabric can be cleaned with a water-based solution.
- S/W This fabric can be cleaned with either a water-based or solvent cleaner.
- X This fabric can only be vacuumed. A cleaning solution may ruin the microfibers, resulting in spotting or shrinking [source: Microfiber].
Always try absorbing as much of the stain as possible -- especially if it's fresh -- by dabbing it with a sponge or paper towels. Be careful not to rub in or smear the stain. If there's still some stain, you can try one of the following methods:
- W or S/W types Treat the stain with a water-based solution, such as carpet or upholstery shampoo, dish-washing liquid, gentle soap or mild detergent. Always test the solution on a hidden area before using it on the stain. Be careful not to saturate the fabric with cleaner. If the stain is stubborn, you can try steam cleaning it. After removing the stain, dry the area with a blow dryer set on low heat. If the fabric feels stiff, use a soft brush to restore the softness.
- S or S/W type Sprinkle the stain with a solvent cleaner, like ammonia, clear alcohol (such as vodka or gin), dry-cleaning fluid, lighter fluid, oxygenated non-bleach cleaning solution, rubbing alcohol or a microfiber cleaner. Always test the solution on a hidden area before using it on the stain. Gently brush the stain to work the solution into the microfibers. If the fabric feels stiff after it dries, use a soft brush to restore the softness.
- X type Vacuum or brush the fabric on a regular basis to help prevent stains from appearing [source: microfiber].