How to Design a Garden

Garden designing is the development and decorative planting of gardens, yards, parks or other types of areas. Gardens are planted to enhance the surrounding area [source: Britannica]. Designing a garden involves making and implementing a plan. Here's how to make a plan.

  1. Accurately measure the entire property from front to back and side to side. Get the outside measurements of the house and the driveway along with the distances from the side boundaries.
  2. Draw a plan to scale of your property, using your measurements.
  3. Mark where there are water pipes, gas pipes, air conditioning units as well as any existing trees on your drawing.
  4. Take a sample of your garden's soil to check its chemical make up and pH level.
  5. Make a list of the various things you may want to put in your garden, such as a shed, dog house, basketball ring, playground etc. [source: Global Garden].

You're now ready to execute the design of the garden. Here are some things to consider:

  • Consider how level your land is. Although you can plant a garden on a slope, it's easier to plant on flat land [source: Brzozowski].
  • Consider the topography of the land and the natural objects in it. Are there any large boulders or areas of water that will determine the visual impact of the garden [source: Britannica]?
  • Consider how much sunlight your plot of land gets. Be sure you know the sunny and shady areas. This way you'll know what plants to put in each part of the garden.
  • Consider the various types of soil in the garden [source: Shelton].
  • Consider what you'd like to plant in the garden. Draw up a wish list and see, which of your favorite plants are suitable for you garden.