Ornamental peppers are the only summer annuals grown primarily for the attractiveness of their fruit. That, combined with their contrast of foliage and form, is what makes them popular in the summer garden.
Description of ornamental peppers: Ornamental peppers grow into small bushes 12 to 18 inches high and as wide. Their dark green leaves are topped by bright-colored fruits that form in July and hold on the plant until frost. Depending on variety, fruits may be red, purple, yellow, or orange; the shapes range from conical to slim and tapered. There are even twisted forms. The small, white flowers that appear prior to the fruit are pretty but inconspicuous.
Growing ornamental peppers: Ornamental peppers prefer full sun in rich, well-drained soil and perform best in hot weather. They're remarkably drought-tolerant, but will grow better if watered when soil becomes dry. A slow-release fertilizer should be incorporated before planting. Plant when the soil is warm and the weather has settled down.
Propagating ornamental peppers: Grow new plants from seeds. Sow seeds 8 weeks prior to planting out after last frost date. Cover seeds, germinating at temperatures above 70 degrees Fahrenheit. Germination time is approximately 12 days. Sow in June or July for potted plants in late fall.
Uses for ornamental peppers: Bright-colored fruits on glossy, green plants decorate borders or bed edges. Ornamental peppers have been used traditionally as an indoor pot plant for holiday enjoyment.
Ornamental peppers related varieties: Fireworks is a variety whose cream-colored, cone-shaped fruits turn a brilliant red. Holiday Cheers fruits start out cream-colored, then turn orange and bright red with all colors mixed on the plant. Holiday Flame, an F1 hybrid, has tapered, yellow fruit that turns red. Masquerade is another F1 hybrid with fruits that start out purple, then turn consecutively yellow, orange, and red.
Scientific name of ornamental peppers: Capsicum species
Want more information? Try these links:
- Annual Flowers. Discover your favorite annual flowers. We've organized them by color, sunlight, soil type, and height to make it easy to plan your garden.
- Annuals. There's more to an annuals garden than flowers. Learn about all of the annuals that enhance your garden. Perennial Flowers. Complement your annuals with these delightful perennial flowers. They are also organized by height, soil type, sunlight, and color.