Once you're connected to the home WiFi network, simply use the cell phone as you normally would. All of the typical calling features are included when talking over the WiFi network, like caller ID, three-way calling and call waiting (source: New York Times]. Web-based features such as checking e-mail or browsing the Internet can't be done over the home WiFi network. Data transfers to and from the cell phone must be made over the normal cellular network.
When using the HotSpot@Home service, any call you make or receive over your home WiFi network will remain on the home network as long as the phone receives a strong enough WiFi signal. If you walk out of your house and away from the wireless router, the signal strength will get weaker and weaker until the phone decides that it's time to switch to the cellular network. This is called a "handoff" and should happen seamlessly, without you even noticing the switch. [source: engadget mobile]
The same is true when you enter your house. As soon as the WiFi signal is strong enough, the phone will automatically handoff from the cellular network to the home wireless network.
There are many advantages to using a service like HotSpot@Home. Currently, the chief advantage is price. If you pay $9.99 extra a month for the HotSpot@Home Add-On, you can make unlimited nationwide calls from a WiFi network, any time of day. Calls initiated or received on the WiFi network are billed as a WiFi call even if you hand off mid-conversation to the cellular network. [source: New York Times]
For example, if you call the office from home, then leave the house and continue to talk as you drive an hour to work, the entire call is billed as a WiFi call. WiFi calls don't eat up minutes from your normal calling plan -- that is, if you've paid for the HotSpot@Home Add-On. If you choose not to buy the HotSpot@Home Add-On, you can still make calls from a WiFi network, but they'll be charged as part of your regular calling plan, meaning peak hours and nighttime/weekend minutes apply.
The other financial advantage of HotSpot@Home is that you can finally get rid of that landline telephone and all its additional local and long-distance charges.
With the HotSpot@Home technology you can make calls from any available WiFi network, not just your home network. The dual-mode phones allow you to easily search for available WiFi networks [source: Phone Scoop]. If the network requires a password, you can type it into the phone. The phone saves a list of the WiFi networks you have accessed -- along with passwords -- so that it can automatically connect to them in the future.
Additionally, T-Mobile has set up over 8,000 HotSpots across the United States in popular locations like Starbucks coffee shops and FedEx Kinko's offices. T-Mobile's dual-mode phones automatically access these WiFi networks without requiring a network search or a password.
Now let's look at the technology that makes merged cellular/WiFi networks tick.