Japanese gardens don’t just emphasize the beauty of nature: They’re also designed to bring together the principles of Zen Buddhist philosophies. The gardens around Japanese homes are frequently surrounded by hedges or fences, and show off brilliant blooms from irises and lilies while highlighting evergreen plants year-round. Another key focus in a Japanese garden is running water: Whether you add a fountain, pond, or water basin, be sure to use natural materials and have water flow from east to west with the sun. And don’t forget to add rocks and stones to your design; these are often more important than the plants themselves.
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