Perennial Gardens

Perennial gardens can produce lovely results year after year. Learn how to plan for, plant and care for perennial gardens.


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Lenten Rose, Hellebore

Lenten rose, or hellebore, is one of the earliest perennials to bloom. Flowers are white or plum and will appear as early as late winter. Read about the uses for this plant.

Jupiter's Beard, Red Valerian

Jupiter's beard, or red valerian, is a cheerful and blowzy plant. It is not fussy and it has a long flowering period, starting in spring. Learn about this old perennial and find out how to grow it.


Monkshood has showy dark blue flower spikes that bloom in late summer and early fall and resemble hoods. Its toxic properties have been described since the early sixteenth century. Read more about this fascinating plant.

Moss Phlox

Moss phlox has dark green, prickly leaves with groups of flat flowers held above the foliage. It blooms in April and May when spring weather has come to stay. Read about this great ground cover.

Virginia Bluebells

Virginia bluebells have cool green foliage and two-toned pink and blue flowers. They make beautiful carpet under deciduous trees and are the perfect foil for daffodils. Read more about these ephemeral flowers.

Thyme: A Portrait of a Perennial Herb

Thyme is usually relegated to the herb garden but it's creeping habit makes it a natural for edging and planting in between stepping stones in a sunny perennial garden. Read more about this misunderstood herb.

Dalmatian Bellflower

Dalmatian bellflower is an excellent flower for all kinds of rock gardens. It is easy to grow and produces bluish-purple blossoms. In this article, learn about planting, growing, propagating, and using Dalmatian bellflower.


Rockcresses are creeping and trailing perennials with small leaves and 4-petaled flowers in various hues of blue, lilac, and purple. They are easy to care for and make perfect ground cover and edging of borders.

Japanese Primrose

Japanese primrose has a lovely leaves in the shape of hearts that frame pink or purple flowers 2 inches in width. Even plants in dormancy can bloom indoors during the off-season. Learn more about ideal propagation conditions of Japanese primrose.

Bower Actinidia

Bower actinidia, commonly used on trellises, produces white, scented flowers and yellowish berries. It propagates in shady and low-quality dirt. Learn how to use bower actinidia to quickly camouflage man-made items in the garden.

Creeping Fig

Creeping fig, though thin in the stem and covered in leaves shaped like hearts, can completely hide a building wall within a few years. Learn how to use it as a backdrop or camouflage.

Rock Cress

Rock cresses are creepers with tufted rosettes of oval leaves covered with white down. Learn to care for these perennials, whether placed in a rock garden or cultivated in a wall garden.

Bluestar, Blue Dogbane, Blue Star-of-Texas

Bluestar, also known as blue dogbane or blue star-of-Texas, sprouts blue flowers atop 2- to 3-foot stems which turn gold in autumn. Use bluestars to add visual appeal along or inside your garden.


Self-heals have simple leaves with prominent veins and resemble snapdragons blooming in the summer. They are good ground cover in wild gardens and shady areas along walkways, rock gardens, and under taller plants.


Soapweeds are evergreens plants with swordlike clumps of leaves. They bear greenish-white flowers which turn up at night and become fragrant. They are very drought-resistant and are excellent as specimen plants.


Spiderworts are similar to daylilies and dayflowers where each blossom lasts only one day. They produce 3-petaled flowers that open at dawn. Learn about how to use Spiderworts as a house plant in this article.

Stoke's Aster

Stoke's aster is a native American wildflower. It has fluffy blue to lavender flowers and spiny-toothed alternating leaves. It needs full sun and good, well-drained soil and takes 1-2 years for full bloom.

Sundrop, Evening Primrose

Sundrops (evening primrose) have petals that look like molten gold. The stems grow up to two feet high and are topped by clusters of bright yellow flowers that bloom in the summer.

Thrift, Sea Pink

Thrifts, also called sea pinks, are excellent for a rock or wall garden. They bloom in spring with tightly packed globes of pink flowers and are very easy to care for.

Toad Lily

Toad lilies are, contrary to their name, very attractive perennials with purple-spotted, creamy white flowers that bloom in late September or October. They prefer shade and must be protected against frost.

Yellow Coneflower, Perennial Black-Eyed Susan

Yellow coneflowers, or black-eyed Susans, are an American wildflower. Their daisylike ray flowers and purple-brown disk flowers bloom in midsummer on to frost and are perfect for cutting. Learn more about these pretty perennials.

Yellow Foxglove

Yellow foxglove is a strong-stemmed perennial with nodding bell-like flowers that form up one side of the stem and bloom in summer. They are easy to care for and superb in a wild garden.

Christmas Rose, Lenten Rose, Hellebore

Christmas Rose, known also as Lenten Rose or Hellebore, displays flat or tubular flowers in winter and early spring. Gardeners like the leaves for ground cover and use the flowers in arrangements.


Cinquefoil, a shrub with deep red flowers, takes to well-drained soil and direct sunlight. Cinquefoil is easy to care for and serves as the edge of your garden or flowerbed. Learn more about growing cinquefoil.

Creeping Buttercup

Creeping buttercup, replete with yellow flowers and occasionally spotted leaves, originated in Europe. Some of the buttercup species are aquatic, but in general they look best in more informal gardens. Learn to grow creeping buttercup.