Unlike the passion flower, the Virginia creeper is usually grown for its foliage instead of its flowers. The Virginia creeper's leaves will change from a dark green to a deep red color in the fall. Virginia creeper can be mistaken for poison ivy, but instead of three leaves, it has five [source: Klingaman]. Another distinguishing characteristic of the plant is its bluish-black berries. These berries are poisonous to humans, but are very attractive to birds [source: Buncombe County Cooperative Extension].
Virginia creeper also can grow on a lot of different surfaces because it clings to surfaces with adhesive extensions. "It's very aggressive; as it grows, it clings onto everything," says Keven Graham, ASLA, principal and landscape architect of Planning Resources in Illinois.
Virginia creeper is a good choice for hiding an unsightly fence or climbing up a vertical wall as a barrier.
Whether growing Virginia creeper on a fence or large-flowered clematis on a lattice beside your deck, vines can provide a beautiful and functional way to provide privacy in your garden.
- Buncombe County Cooperative Extension. Buncombe County News. "Spotlight: Virginia Creeper." (October 22, 2009)http://www.buncombecounty.org/news_Detail.asp?newsID=8134
- Cook, Ferris. The Garden Trellis: Designs to Build and Vines to Cultivate. Artisan, New York. 1996.
- Coulter, Lynn. Gardening with Heirloom Seeds. The University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, 2006.
- Dana, Michael N. and B. Rosie Lerner. Purdue University Cooperative Extension Service, Department of Horticulture. "Annual and Perennial Vines." November 2002.
- (October 10, 2009)http://www.hort.purdue.edu/ext/HO-21.pdf
- Gilman, Edward. Environmental Horticulture Department, Florida Cooperative Extension Service, Institute of Food and Agricultural Services, University of Florida. "Parthenocissus quinquefolia Virginia Creeper." October 1999. (October 22, 2009)http://edis.ifas.ufl.edu/FP454
- Glattstein, Judy. Garden Design with Foliage. Storey Communications, Inc., Vermont, 1991.
- Graham, Keven. ASLA. Principal and landscape architect for Planning Resources in Wheaton, Illinois. Personal interview. October 22, 2009.
- Grey-Wilson, Christopher and Victoria Matthews. Gardening with Climbers. Timber Press, Oregon, 1997.
- Immel, Diana. U.S. Department of Agriculture Natural Resources Conservation Service. "Plant Guide: Purple Passionflower." (October 26, 2009)http://plants.usda.gov/plantguide/pdf/cs_pain6.pdf
- Klingaman, Gerald. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. Ornamentals Extension News. "Plant of the Week: English Ivy." December 1, 2000.http://www.arhomeandgarden.org/plantoftheweek/articles/English_Ivy.htm
- Klingaman, Gerald. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. Ornamentals Extension News. "Plant of the Week: Trumpet Creeper, Trumpet Vine." June 30, 2000. (October 22, 2009)http://www.arhomeandgarden.org/plantoftheweek/articles/Trumpet_Creeper.htm
- Klingaman, Gerald. University of Arkansas Division of Agriculture. Ornamentals Extension News. "Plant of the Week: Virginia Creeper." September 7, 2001. (October 26, 2009)http://www.arhomeandgarden.org/plantoftheweek/articles/Virginia_creeper.htm
- Kluepfel, Marjan and Bob Polomski. Clemson University Cooperative Extension Service. September 1999. (October 26, 2009)http://www.clemson.edu/extension/hgic/plants/landscape/groundcovers/hgic1106.html
- Lindsey, Shirley. Penn State Cooperative Extension, Adams County. "Vines: The Gymnasts of the Garden." July 30, 2009. (October 22, 2009)http://adams.extension.psu.edu/Horticulture/MGarticles/Vines.htm
- Martin, Jane. Ohio State University Extension Fact Sheet. "Growing Wisteria." (October 19, 2009)http://ohioline.osu.edu/hyg-fact/1000/1246.html
- Pulver, Liz. ASLA. Landscape architect licensed in New York and California. Personal correspondence. October 24, 2009.
- Robson, Mary. Washington State University Extension. "Morning Glories: Beauty and the Beast." May 12, 2002.http://gardening.wsu.edu/Column/05-12-02.htm
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. "Beneficial Landscaping--Invasive Plants." October 16, 2009. (October 19, 2009)http://yosemite.epa.gov/r10/ECOCOMM.NSF/Beneficial+Landscaping/BL+Invasive+Plants
- Valder, Peter. Wisterias. Timber Press Inc., Oregon, 1995.
- Warner, Christopher. Climbing Roses. The Globe Pequot Press, Connecticut, 1987.
- Williams, Paul. Creative Climbers. Trafalgar Square Publishing, Vermont, 1999.
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