Perhaps no home insulation seals your house as completely and as thoroughly as the spray-on foam insulation known as Icynene, which is made from castor oil. When contractors spray the substance onto a wall or ceiling it has the thickness of paint. Once it hits the surface, Icynene expands nearly 100 times it volume. The puffy sponge cake-like substance creates a thick blanket of insulation that tightly seals air leaks [source: Cabot]. Not only does Icynene stop drafts, it also muffles noise [source: Cabot]. Icynene has an R-value of R-3.6 per inch of thickness, which can reduce a home's energy bill by 30 to 50 percent [source: Missouri Insulation & Supply].
Icynene works so well because it traps air in tiny bubbles during the foaming process. As the foam cures, the air remains in place. Although it looks like the top of lemon meringue pie, Icynene allows water vapor to escape, which prevents mold from forming [source: Cabot]. However, Icynene has a couple of problems. First, it's expensive -- about three times the cost of fiberglass. Also, since Icynene seals a house so tightly, builders need to install a ventilation system. And in colder climates, that ventilation system will have to include an air exchanger to warm incoming air [source: Cabot].
More Great Links
- Build It Green. "Cotton Insulation." (Feb., 2011).http://www.builditgreen.org/attachments/wysiwyg/3/Cotton-Insulation.pdf
- Cabot, Dan. "Icynene insulation has pluses, minuses." The Martha's Vineyard Time." Oct. 12, 2006. (Feb., 2011).http://www.mvtimes.com/news/2006/10/12/icynene_insulation.php
- Carter, Joe. "New Insulation Options." This Old House Magazine. (Feb., 2011).http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/article/0,,1130563,00.html
- ColoradoENERGY.org. "R-Value Table." (Feb., 2011).http://www.coloradoenergy.org/procorner/stuff/r-values.htm
- Meinhold, Bridgette. "Space-age Aerogel Insulation Now Cheaper and Available in Sheets." Inhabit.com. Feb. 11, 2010. (Feb., 2011).http://inhabitat.com/exciting-advances-in-insulation-with-aerogel/
- Missouri Insulation & Supply. "Icynene Questions & Answers." (Feb., 2011).http://www.mo-insulation.com/faq_icynene.php
- National Cancer Institute. "Formaldehyde and Cancer Risk." (Feb., 2011).http://www.cancer.gov/cancertopics/factsheet/Risk/formaldehyde
- Nusca, Andrew. "Super-insulating aerogels promise to make homes more energy-efficient." Smartplanet.com. Feb. 5, 2010. (Feb., 2011).http://www.smartplanet.com/business/blog/smart-takes/super-insulating-aerogels-promise-to-make-homes-more-energy-efficient/3986/
- Pandolfi, Keith. "Soybean: Innovative Insulation." This Old House Magazine. (Feb., 2011).http://www.thisoldhouse.com/toh/article/0,,20214718,00.html
- Pennock, Alex. "Choosing the Best Insulation Delivers Energy Savings." U.S. Green Building Council's Green Home Guide. Sept., 4, 2009. (Feb., 2011.)http://greenhomeguide.com/know-how/article/choosing-the-best-insulation-delivers-energy-savings
- SheepWool Insulation. "Why Should I Use Wool?" (Feb., 2011).http://www.sheepwoolinsulation.ie/why_wool/
- ThermaBlok.com. "ThermaBlok." (Feb., 2011)http://www.thermablok.com/
- U.S. Department of Energy. "Foam Board Insulation." (Feb., 2011).http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/insulation_airsealing/index.cfm/mytopic=11620
- U.S. Department of Energy. "How Insulation Works." (Feb., 2011).http://www.energysavers.gov/your_home/insulation_airsealing/index.cfm?mytopic=11330
- U.S. Department of Energy. "Energy Savers Tips: Insulation." (Feb., 2011).http://www1.eere.energy.gov/consumer/tips/m/insulation.html
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