Green building is becoming increasingly popular in the United States, but there is no single, comprehensive federal green building program. LEED has become the default standard for green building, but there are other groups, like the Green Building Initiative and the aggressive Architecture 2030 initiative, that have their own green building practices. The federal government has offered tax breaks to those who comply with green building improvements, like a $300 credit for replacing an old water heater or air conditioner, and credit for 10 percent of the cost of insulation materials.
Individual states are also increasingly involved in developing green programs, but the programs vary. California leads much of the green building movement, with Gov. Arnold Schwarzenegger signing an executive order that says all new and renovated state facilities must have a silver LEED certification or higher.
As of October 2007, 22 states and 75 towns and cities have adopted policies to require or encourage LEED's green building practices. New York City kicked off its green building movement with the reconstruction of the World Trade Center. The United Nations Department of Economic and Social Affairs' Division for Sustainable Development focuses on cooperation among its members to encourage green building techniques in developing countries.
Asian buildings have traditionally been designed and constructed with the land in mind. One of the best examples is the Miho Museum near Kyoto, Japan. Eighty percent of the structure, designed by Chinese architect I.M. Pei, is underground to preserve the natural landscape.
Green building is popular in Europe, too, especially in Germany and the Netherlands, and the European Union has a jump start on the United States in terms of regulations. In the mid-1990s, it adopted requirements for energy usage in any new construction on the continent. The European Commission instituted a voluntary green building program in 2005.
The United States is just now catching up with Europe and Japan, which have used innovations like tankless water heaters for years. But with current energy costs and the dip in the housing market, homeowners looking to save -- or make -- money on their homes are quickly catching on to going green.
For more information about green building, check out the links below.
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More Great Links
- Alliance to Save Energy. http://www.ase.org
- Alter, Lloyd. "Bamboo Flooring -- is it Really Treehugger Green?" Treehugger.com, Sept. 12, 2005. http://www.treehugger.com/files/2005/09/bamboo_flooring.php
- American Wind Energy Association. www.awea.org
- Bongiorno, Lori. "How Do I Choose a Tankless Water Heater?" The Green Guide, March 11, 2004.
- "Consumer Reports 2008 Buying Guide." Consumers Union: Yonkers, NY.
- Earthcraft House (insulation grading): http://www.earthcrafthouse.com/documents/Insulation-Installation.pdf
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- Garskof , Josh. "How to Cut Your Energy Bills in Half." Money, October 2007.
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- Green Building Initiative. www.thegbi.org
- GreenHomeBuilding.com. www.greenhomebuilding.com/articles/buildingwithnature.htm
- Gunther, Marc. "Who's The Greenest Bank Of All?" Fortune, Sept. 17, 2007.
- Home Energy Magazine. www.homeenergy.org
- Home Energy Saver. hes.lbl.gov
- Johnston, David and Master, Kim. "Green Remodeling Changing the World One Room at a Time." New Society Publishers: 2004.
- Karush, Sarah. "D.C. Council Passes Green Building Rules." Associated Press News Service, The, Dec. 6, 2006.
- Kuchment, Anna. "A Green Living - For New Grads, Green Jobs Are Plentiful." Newsweek, July 26, 2007.
- Living Homes architectural firm: www.livinghomes.us
- Marchese, Gregg. "Building with Nature, Earth and Magic: The Natural Building of Sun Ray Kelley." www.networkearth.org
- McNatt, Cindy. "Classic Wood Floors Work With a Variety of Decorating Styles; Homeowners Face Array of Choices." The Washington Post, Feb. 18, 2006.
- Miho Museum. http://miho.jp/english/architec/architec.htm
- Natural Resources Defense Council. www.nrdc.org
- Ouroussoff, Nicolai. "Why Are They Greener Than We Are?" New York Times, May 20, 2007.
- Rain barrel guide. http://rainbarrelguide.com/
- Residential Energy Services Network. http://resnet.us
- Rocky Mountain Institute: www.rmi.org/images/other/GDS-IGB_Eubank.pdf
- Solar Water Heating guide: http://www.nrel.gov/docs/legosti/fy96/17459.pdf
- "The Greenest House on the Plaent." Business Week, Sept. 11, 2006.
- Tibbitts, Tim. "Advocates say green buildings cut costs, improve work environment." Crain's Cleveland Business, Oct. 16, 2006.
- Turnball, Barbara. "Cork and bamboo get the 'green' light." Toronto Star, July 20, 2006.
- United Nations. http://www.un.org/esa/sustdev/index.html
- U.S. Green Building Council. http://www.usgbc.org
- U.S. Environmental Protection Agency. http://www.epa.gov
- Waters, Jen. "Conserving with insulation; Some materials are eco-friendly; all cut energy use." The Washington Times, Oct. 18, 2007.
- Whole Building Design Guide. http://www.wbdg.org/
- United Nations Environment Programme. www.grid.unep.ch