How Rice Cookers Work

An early poster advertises Toshiba's automatic rice cookers to overseas markets.
Image courtesy of TOSHIBA

Burned chunks or gooey paste can be the disappoin­ting result of rice gone wrong, but with the use of a rice cooker, the odds even up for even the klutziest in the kitchen.

Rice is a staple in many people's diets around the world, both nutritionally and culturally, so it was an exciting day when Japan introduced the first household electric rice cooker. That first model was made by Toshiba in 1955, and other companies soon joined the market, adding innovations that expanded the abilities and features available in rice cookers. Replacing the conventional cast-iron pots of the day, which cooked over a coal stove, rice cookers freed Japanese homemakers from the tiresome task of carefully monitoring endless pots of rice [source:].


­­Rice cookers are geared primarily for rice but can be very versatile in their uses. Some people even use rice cookers as their primary cooking tool, for everything from spaghetti to spare ribs to scrambled eggs.

For a closer look at how rice cookers operate -- from the more basic models to the high-tech ones laden with all the bells and whistles -- let's begin with how they know to progress from one step of the cooking process to the next.