Onion Types

Onions come in bulbing and green onion varieties, although any onion type can be eaten as a green onion. Bulbing onions are divided into long-day and short-day types, as we learned on the previous page. Long-day onions produce bulbs in the summer months in northern climates, while short-day onions prefer the cool winter months of the South.

Green Onion (Scallion, Bunching) Types:
  • Evergreen Long White Bunching, harvest at 120 days, produce long silvery-white stalks in bunches and will not form bulbs.
  • Beltsville Bunching, harvest at 120 days, is heat-tolerant and has a mild flavor.

    ©2007 Publications International, Ltd.
    Bulbing onions come in long-day and short-day varieties.

Bulbing Onion Types:
  • Southport Red Globe, harvest at 110 days, long-day, has sweet, purple-red flesh.
  • Yellow Sweet Spanish, harvest at 110 days, long-day, has large, white flesh.
  • Bermuda, harvest at 185 days, short-day, is large and produces white flesh with a mild flavor.
  • Yellow Granax (also known as Vidalia), harvest at 120 days, short-day, is large with white flesh.
  • Walla Walla Sweet, harvest at 56 days, is cold hardy with sweet white flesh.
  • Redwing, harvest at 59 days, is the best red.
Now that you have onions, what do you do with them? In the next section, we'll teach you how to select and serve your home-grown onions.

Want even more information about onions? Try these links:
  • Why do onions make you cry? Grab a tissue and find out just what it is about onions that brings on the waterworks.
  • Vegetable Gardens: Grow a full harvest of great vegetables this year.
  • Gardening: We answer your questions about all things that come from the garden.