Vegetable Spacing Guide

By: C. Colston Burrell

Different vegetable types need different amounts of free space to ensure healthy growth and a good crop. Use this chart to make sure your vegetable plants have room to grow.

Vegetable Spacing Guide

 VegetableInches between plants
Inches between rows
Depth of seed (inches)
 Artichoke, Globe 36-48 48-60 1-11/2
 Artichoke, Jerusalem 12-18 24-36 1-11/2
 Asparagus 12-18 36-48 1-2
 Beans, Broad
 8-10 36-48 1-11/2
 Beans, Dry
 4-6 18-241
 Beans, Lima
    bush
    pole
 
2-3
4-6
 
18-24
30-36
 
1-11/2
1-11/2
 Beans, Snap or Green
    bush
    pole
 
2-3
4-6
 
18-24
30-36

1-11/2
1-11/2
 Beets 2-3 12-18
 1
 Broccoli 3 24-36 1/2
 Brussels Sprouts 24 24-36 1/2
 Cabbage 18-24 24-36 1/2
 Cardoon 18-24 36-48 1/2
 Carrot 2-4 12-24 1/4
 Cauliflower 18-24 24-36 1/2
 Celeriac 6-8 24-30 1/4
 Celery 8-10 24-30 1/4
 Chard 9-12 18-24 1
 Chayote 24-30 60 
 Chick pea
 6-8 12-18 1/2
 Chicory 12-18 24-36 1
 Chinese Cabbage 8-12 18-30 1/2
 Collards 12 18-24 1/2
 Corn 2-4 12-18 1-11/2
 Cress 1-2 18-24  1/4
 Cucumber1, 2 12 18-72  1/2
 Dandelion 6-8 12-18  1/4
 Eggplant 18-24 24-36  1/4
 Endive 9-12 18-24  1/8
 Horseradish 24 18-24  1/4
 Kale 8-12 18-24  1/2
 Kohlrabi 5-6 18-24  1/4
 Leek 6-9 12-18  1/8
 Lettuce 6-12 12-18  1/8
 Muskmelon1, 218-24 60-96 1
 Mustard 6-12 12-24  1/2
 Okra12-18 24-36  1/2-1
 Onion
    sets
    seeds
 
2-3
1-2
 
12-18
12-18
 
1-2
 1/4
 Parsnip 2-4 18-24  1/2
 Pea, Black-eyed 8-12 12-18  1/2
 Pea, Shelling
 1-2 18-24 2
 Peanut 6-8 12-18 1
 Pepper 18-24 24-36  1/2
 Potato, Irish 12-18 24-36 4
 Sweet Potato 12-18 36-48 3-5
 Pumpkin1, 3 24-48 60-120 1
 Radish 1-6 12-18  1/2
 Rhubarb 30-36 36-48 
 Rutabaga 6-8 18-24  1/2
 Salsify 2-4 18-24  1/2
 Shallot 6-8 12-18  1/4
 Sorrel 12-18 18-24  1/2
 Soybean 11/2-2 24-30  1/2-1
 Spinach 2-4 12-24  1/2
 Spinach, New Zealand
 12 24-36  1/2
 Squash, Summer1, 4 24-36 18-48 1
 Squash, Winter1, 3 24-48 60-120 1
 Tomato 18-36 24-48  1/2
 Turnip
    greens
    roots
 
2-3
3-4
 
12-24
12-24
 
 1/2
 1/2
 Watermelon1, 324-72 60-120 1
1) Note: Plants in inverted hills should be thinned to three plants in each hill.
2) Hills should be 36 inches apart.
3) Hills should be 72 inches apart.
4) Hills should be 48 inches apart.

Want more information about vegetable gardens? Visit these links:
  • Caring for a Vegetable Garden: Read our guide to nurturing your vegetable plants for the best harvest.
  • Vegetable Gardens: Find out everything you wanted to know about vegetable gardening.
  • Vegetables: Pick out your favorite vegetables to plant in next year's garden.
  • Gardening: We answer all of your general gardening questions in this section.
  • Garden Care: Whether you're growing cucumbers or columbines, we have all the information you need to nurture a thriving garden.

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